Arthroscopy is a “keyhole” operation that is used to look inside and treat joints, i.e. knee joint. The word arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, “arthro” ( joint) and “skopein” (to look). The term arthroscopy means “ to look within the joint”.
Arthroscopy Knee

It is performed through a very small incision in the skin, using a narrow telescope attached to a video camera. Compared to open surgery, which involves a larger incision. Keyhole surgery and is less painful, carries less risk of infection, and enables people to recover more quickly.


An Arthroscopy can be performed on shoulders, elbows, wrists, hips, knees or ankles


Why Arthroscopy?

An arthroscopy may be used to investigate knee problems, treat conditions such as inflammation, take small samples of tissue or repair damage to tissues and cartilage. The procedures can be done as a day case – without the need for an overnight stay in hospital.

Disease and injuries can damage bones, cartilage, ligaments, muscles and tendons. Some of the most common conditions found during arthroscopic examination of the joints are:


  • torn or abnormal cartilage
  • torn ligaments
  • loose fragments of bone or cartilage
  • damaged joint surfaces
  • inflammation of the joint lining (synovium) in knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist or ankle
  • Meniscal (cartilage tears)
  • misaligned bones ( such as the kneecap)

Even though the inside of most joints can be viewed with the arthroscope, only a few joints are frequently examined with this procedure. The knee is, by far, the most common joint examined. Others include the shoulder, elbow, ankle,hip and wrist. As advances are made by engineers in electronic technology and new surgical techniques are developed by orthopaedic surgeons, other joints may be viewed and treated with arthroscopy in the future.


Choosing An Arthroscopy

Not everyone who has knee problems will need to have an arthroscopy. In many cases, the problem can be diagnosed by non-surgical methods such as MRI ( magnetic resonance imaging) and some problems can be treated using physiotherapy.